WHAT IS DHOLERA SIR?
Dholera Special Investment Region (DSIR) is a Greenfield Industrial City planned and located approximately 100 km South West of Ahmedabad. The Government of Gujarat has created a legislative framework for the formation of a Special Investment Region Act 2009. Under the act, a regional development authority for DSIR has been established.
The Dholera Special Investment Region Development Authority (DSIRDA) has the responsibility of planning and development of DSIR and will encompass the function of administering government land within DSIR. An SPV named Dholera Industrial City Development Limited (DICDL) has been created between the Central Government (DMICDC Trust) and the State Government (DSIRDA) of Gujarat to implement the project. Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation Limited (DMICDC), a special purpose company, was incorporated to establish, promote and facilitate development of the DMIC Project.
Dholera Industrial City will have its own self-sustaining eco-system consisting of economic drivers through industrialisation, utility & logistic infrastructure, Social Infrastructure including education, healthcare and other public amenities.
DMICDC, with the support of the Government of Gujarat, plans to create an economically and socially balanced new-age city with world-class infrastructure and highest quality-of-life standards with sustainability in the urban form including a sustainable urban transportation system within and mobile/efficient regional connectivity with neighbouring cities and the rest of the country.
It will be connected with Ahmedabad by a 6-lane access controlled expressway & MRTS (Metro Rail) in one common corridor providing seamless connectivity & Rail-Road transition as an effective means of transportation between the 2 cities.
An international airport is being developed to the North-East of DSIR by an SPV called Dholera International Airport Company Limited (DIACL). The airport has already received Environmental & Site clearance.
Industry in DSIR
Defence, Aviation, Electronics, High-Tech emerging technologies, Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology, Heavy engineering, Auto & Auto ancillary, General Manufacturing, Agro & Food processing, Metals & Metallurgical products, etc. are the sectors identified with a high potential for Dholera Industrial City among other sectors. DSIR will be home to non-polluting industries, promoting a clean, green and sustainable urban development, which can contribute to the growth of the region and India.
The Government of Gujarat and DSIRDA has adopted the mechanism of Town Planning Schemes (TPS) to ensure the delivery of serviced land that can benefit the local population and the private sector. TP schemes are being implemented under the Gujarat Town Planning and Urban Development Act, 1976 (GTPUD). The developable area in DSIR is divided into six (6) Town Planning (TP) Schemes and all 6 draft schemes have been sanctioned. Town Planning Schemes 1 and 2 cover the development in Phase-I. TP 1 are spread over approximately 51 sq km or 12750 acres & TP 2 over 102 sq km or 25000 acres.
TP 1 will have approximately 186 km of road & TP 2, 340 km. Right of Way (ROW) varies from 12 m to 70 m i.e. 2 to 6 lane roads, have been master planned. Services and utilities running parallel to the roads & within the ROW will include Storm water drainage, Water supply, Sewerage/waste Water, Recycled Water, Power, Telecom and PNG.
Project background – DSIR Phase I
The Development Plan for DSIR has been prepared and sanctioned by DSIRDA. Phase-I constitutes TP1 and TP2 covering 153 sq km.
Apart from urban development, overall trunk and external infrastructure will be developed to support the development at DSIR. These include the following:
1. Overall Trunk infrastructure projects
- Roads and services/utilities
- Raw water transmission line from source
- Wastewater treatment and recycle
- Solid waste management
- Power T&D network
- Information Communication Technology (ICT) network
- Administrative and Business Centre of Dholera (ABCD)
2. External infrastructure projects
- River bunding for flood management
- Ahmedabad – Dholera Expressway
- Ahmedabad – Dholera MRTS
- Freight rail from DSIR to Bhimnath for connection to DFC
- Dholera International Airport
Dholera’s immediate City development area of approximately 5,600 acres is expected to be operational by 2019, while the full city is expected to be developed by 2030.
Dholera Industrial City is envisaged to be a world-class destination with excellent infrastructure. The city will provide opportunities for the setting up of manufacturing units, which will in turn help in increasing the industrial output of the country and create jobs (800,000+). All of this, while aiming to provide an environment to work, live, learn and play. Dholera SIR is a planned smart, sustainable community, which will be the role model for future cities in India. The Sanctioned Development Plan of Dholera Industrial City comprises of a total land area of 920 sq km.
The 920 sq km of the Dholera Industrial City area has a total developable area of about 580 sq km since one third of the area falls within the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) boundary where development is restricted and is as per CRZ norms. Out of the 580 sq km the prime agricultural land has been preserved and a total area of about 422 sq km has been set for urban development, which has been translated into six town-planning schemes and will be developed in three phases over a period of 30 years.
- Dholera is a JV of DMICDC + GIDB (Government of Gujarat)
- City Level SPV formed – Dholera Industrial City Development Limited (DICDL)
- Comprehensive City management structure for post development being evolved
Stakeholders of Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation
DICDL – Dholera Industrial City Development Ltd.
For the development of Dholera SIR, the Government of India (through DMIC Trust) and the Government of Gujarat (through DSIRDA) formed a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) called ‘Dholera Industrial City Development Ltd.’ (DICDL) on Jan 28, 2016. The SPV is made up of a 51% stake of the Government of Gujarat through DSIRDA and a 49% stake of Government of India through DMIC Trust.
DICDL has been formed with an initial capital of ₹ 6,000 crore out of which ~₹ 900 crore has already been released by the DMIC Trust against equity contribution for Activation Area work. The equity on part of the Government of Gujarat through DSIRDA is in form of land, which is allocated to SPV DICDL. The DMIC trust has already approved the activation trunk infrastructure project on ₹ 4,400 Crores.
DMICDC – Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation Ltd
The Government of India has envisaged the development of the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) along the alignment of the proposed Multi-Modal High Axle Load Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) between Delhi and Mumbai, covering an overall length of 1,483 km.
The Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation Limited (DMICDC), a special purpose company, was incorporated to establish, promote and facilitate development of the DMIC Project. In Phase-1 of the DMIC project, DMICDC is developing eight industrial cities/nodes. Dholera Special Investment Region (DSIR) is the largest of the eight industrial smart cities in Phase-1 of the project.
The State Government constituted the Dholera Special Investment Regional Development Authority (DSIRDA) for the development of Dholera SIR and to prepare the land use plan, town planning scheme and the development plan for the SIR.
Gujarat Infrastructure Development Board (GIDB) has been designated as the Apex Authority under The Gujarat SIR Act, 2009 and is headed by the Honourable Chief Minister of Gujarat State.
The State Government has enacted the legal framework to provide establishment, operation, regulation and management of large size Investment Regions and Industrial Areas in the State of Gujarat, as well as to specially enable their development as global hubs of economic activity supported by world-class infrastructure, premium civic amenities, centre of excellence and pro-active policy framework.
DHOLERA ON DMIC
DHOLERA LOGISTIC CONNECTIVITY
TRAVEL TIME FROM VARIOUS DESTINATIONS
- MRTS is planned which will connect DSIR with Ahmedabad
- Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) is 1.5 hours from DSIR
- Dholera Railway Station proposed in DSIR
- Currently, two lane State Highway being expanded to 4 lanes
- A dedicated 6 lane access controlled expressway connecting Ahmedabad & Dholera is proposed and design work has been completed for the same
- Proposed Dholera International Airport will be located in close proximity to the Northern boundary of DSIR
- Environment Clearance from MoEF and site clearance from MoCA have been obtained for developing an International Airport at Dholera
- Bhavnagar Domestic Airport and Ahmedabad International Airport are 2 hours from DSIR
- Pipavav is the closest port to DSIR, which is approximately 200 km away
- Pipavav has a range of cargo handling capabilities such as Container, Bulk, Capital Goods, Liquid, Gas, etc.
- DSIR is also well connected to the major ports of Mundra and Kandla
OVERVIEW OF GUJARAT
Gujarat has a strategic location – it is well connected to the major cities of the world, both by air and sea routes. The state has direct international flight connectivity to cities across Europe, Middle East, East Asia and America. Gujarat has a coastline of 1,600 km with 42 ports that connect to major sea-based trade routes and trade centres like Middle East, West Europe, Asia and upcoming destinations on the African Continent. The state also acts as a gateway to landlocked states of India connecting to them by road, rail and air thereby boosting their trading opportunities.
- Gujarat has been ranked 1st as per ‘Economic Freedom of the States of India 2012’
- The state has a population of 60 million and has one of the highest urbanization levels – 43%, as per census 2011
- Gujarat’s contribution to India’s Exports is 25% (2011-2012)
- The state has a high and growing literacy rate of 79%, as per census 2011
- It also has the highest share (27%) in investments (in terms of its value) under implemented projects in India (during August-91 to April-2011)
- The state has double digit growth rates with gross state domestic product of USD 74 billion (2011-12) growing at a five year average of 10%
- Gujarat’s contribution to India’s GDP is 7.6%
- The highly industrialized state gross state domestic product contribution from the manufacturing sector is 28%
- Gujarat’s contribution to India’s fixed capital is 18%
- 37% of total Indian port cargo is handled by Gujarat’s ports (2012-13)
- Gujarat has a strong demographic profile; more than 60% of the population is between the age group of 15-59 years (as per census 2011)
- The state is ranked 2nd in terms of value and number of PPP projects
by the World Bank
- 2nd largest road network in the world – 4.2 million km road network
- 4th largest rail network in the world – 64,460 km long rail route which carries 22 million passengers everyday & 923 million tones of freight per year
- 13 major and 187 minor/intermediate ports – handling 90% of international trade
- 9th largest civil aviation market in the world – Total 125 airports (including 11 international airports)
- 133 operational special economic zones
- 18,637 km of new expressways
- 11,220 km of 2 lane expressways
- 24 cities are currently in various stages of planning metro rail
- Pre-feasibility study of 6 high speed rail corridors is being carried out with 10,000 km of new railway line, a 6,250 km railway network for eastern & western dedicated freight corridor etc.
- Port sector capacity addition to the tune of 1 billion tons is planned in the next 7 years